Since independence, India has witnessed several big and small riots between its various religious and ethnic communities. A majority of the riots have taken the shape of targeted violence by the majority community against the minority community as in the case of the 1984 riots against the Sikhs and the 2002 Gujarat riots against the Muslim community. Religion continues to be used to instigate passions to fulfill narrow political ends and ordinary people continue to bear the brunt of such episodic violence.
In this Unit we examine the aftermath of the Muzaffarnagar Riots of 2013. The materials presented here examine the socio-political context of the riots, the immediate causes as well as the short-term and long-term impact of the riots on the victims. The riot victims continue to face various forms of exclusion as a result of the violence and subsequent displacement. Based on primary research conducted by The Centre for Equity Studies, the unit seeks to critically examine the human cost of episodes of communal violence.